What is Gum Therapy and Signs That You Need One?

What is Gum Therapy and Signs That You Need One?

It is important to keep our teeth and gums in good condition. However, many oral health issues bother us, which results from a lack of dental hygiene routine. One such dental health issue is gum disease.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It is one of the major causes of tooth loss in adult individuals. Gum disease is usually painless and therefore many patients fail to recognize it. It is caused by the formation of plaque on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria and these bacteria create toxins that damage the gums.

During the early stage of gum disease, the gums are red, swollen, and bleed easily. The gum disease is reversible during this stage with the help of daily brushing and flossing. In the advanced stage, known as periodontitis, the gums and bones can get damaged severely. The teeth may become loose and fall out. The dentist may also recommend removing it.

Signs of Gum Disease

According to the dentist in Roseville, CA, the following signs show that you need gum therapy:

  • New spacing between teeth caused due to bone loss
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums i.e. loss of gum around a tooth
  • Tenderness or discomfort
  • Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth
  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Bad breath that doesn’t go away

The above signs show that you need gum therapy. It is important to treat gum disease as it can lead to serious health issues apart from affecting your dental health. It is said that regular oral hygiene and dental visit can help in keeping our oral health in good condition.

However, oral health is not just about teeth, but you must focus on your gums as well. Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the supporting tissues. Thus, dental professionals look for signs of gum disease so that they can be treated in time. When the signs of gum disease become apparent, you need periodontal therapy.

The gum therapy, which is also known as periodontal therapy, aims to restore the diseased tissue to health. The gum disease can spread from gums to the bones which support the teeth. In the long run, it can lead to tooth loss in severe cases.

People suffering from gum disease need not worry as it is very much reversible during early stages and manageable during later stages. The effective gum therapy in Roseville for treating gum disease includes scaling and planing as well as surgical repairs for the lost gum and bone tissue.

Gum Therapy Procedures

The gum therapy is inclusive of both surgical and non-surgical procedures for restoring the health of the tissue for supporting the teeth and preventing tooth loss. Here’s a look at some of them.

  • Scaling and Root Planing

It is a deep-cleaning technique that is an ideal starting point for controlling gum disease. Plaque and calculus are removed from beneath the gum tissue using hand scalers and ultrasonic instruments.

  • Gum Grafting

At times, it may be required to replace the lost gum tissue for sufficiently protecting the tooth roots. This can happen by taking gum tissue from one area of the mouth and placing it where it is required. It can also be done by using laboratory-processed donor tissue.

  • Periodontal Plastic Surgery

It is the reshaping procedure of the gums which creates a pleasing appearance of the gum tissues.

  • Periodontal Laser Treatment

Laser treatment can help in treating gum tissues and offer many advantages over conventional surgery. There are lesser discomfort and gum shrinkage.

  • Crown Lengthening Surgery

This is a surgical procedure where the tooth structure is covered by gum and bone tissue and may need to be exposed for cosmetic reasons or help in securing the new dental crown.

  • Dental Implants

Implants are a preferred way of tooth replacement. It uses a titanium implant that is placed beneath the gum line and inserted into the jawbone with the help of a surgical procedure. Then a dental crown is attached to the implant. The crown looks quite natural and blends with remaining natural teeth.