Periodontal Disease and Gingivitis

Periodontal Disease and Gingivitis

Periodontitis, or gum disease, is the result of a buildup of plaque along the gumline. Left untreated, it could lead to tooth loss as well as adverse effects on overall health. The professionals at Rose Dental is dedicated to preserving the health of your teeth and gums.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the beginning stage of periodontitis. At this point, the bacteria in plaque has built upon the gums, causing them to become inflamed and bleed easily during brushing. Although there is irritation in the gums, the teeth will still be firmly in place with no tissue damage or irreversible bone loss present. Left untreated, however, this could advance and turn into periodontitis.

Periodontitis

At this stage, the layer of the gums will start to pull away from the teeth and form a pocket called a periodontal pocket. These areas make it easier for debris to collect and to get the gums further infected. The immune system will fight the bacteria below the gumline, but the disease will continue to progress, causing the pockets to become deeper. The bone and gum tissue may be destroyed, leading to tooth loss.

Causes for gum disease

Several factors can lead to the development of gum disease. Smoking is a major cause for gum disease as it makes it difficult for the gum tissue to heal itself. Hormonal changes, such as those that happen during pregnancy, can increase sensitivity in the gums, making it easier for gingivitis to develop. Certain diseases, such as cancer or HIV, can affect the condition of the gums. Patients with diabetes also have a higher risk of developing oral issues such as gum disease. Poor oral health plays a big part in allowing gingivitis to develop, and genetics can also be a factor.

Symptoms of gum disease

Gum disease progresses fairly slowly and painlessly, so you may not realize that anything is amiss until the disease has advanced. Here are a few common symptoms to be on the lookout for:

  • Bleeding gums during and/or after brushing
  • Tender, swollen, or red gums
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Shifting or loose teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pocketing between the gums and teeth
  • If you wear dentures, they may fit differently when biting down

To maintain the health of your gums and mouth overall, make an appointment at Rock Rose Dental in Roseville, CA.